We at PARCO are to constantly work to strengthen our system of corporate governance, recognizing that in order to enhance corporate value, we must: protect the rights and interests of our shareholders, build smooth relationships with stakeholders other than shareholders, preserve transparency in management, and establish an effective management oversight structure. Our corporate governance system is to be characterized by a clear distinction between supervision and execution. Here, to assure a high degree of transparency in corporate governance while facilitating decisionmaking and execution, we adopt a corporate managerial structure that includes a Nominating Committee and other such entities. We at PARCO established Fundamental Policy for Corporate Governance in 2016. This policy formulates our basic way of thinking with regards to corporate governance. That is, it sets down how PARCO believes corporate governance should best be applied to achieve continual growth and a medium-to-long-term enhancement of corporate value under the PARCO Corporate Mission, which calls for the creation and provision of value in a manner that satisfies our customers, tenants, shareholders, and other stakeholders.
The Board of Directors is to strive for a sustained increase in corporate value. To this end and under a full realization of its fiduciary and explanatory duties to shareholders, the Board is to determine a strategic direction for the company, provide an environment conducive to risk management and, in collaboration with the Nominating Committee, the Audit Committee and the Compensation Committee, assure a high degree of supervision over Directors and Executive Officers.
Composition of the Board of Directors
The Board of Directors is to be comprised of a variety of individuals with differing backgrounds, including area of expertise and experience, based on selection criteria formulated by the Nominating Committee. At least half of the members are to be External Directors, and the total number of members is to be maintained at a level that provides an optimal level of efficiency and effectiveness. Selection criteria is disclosed at Fundamental Policy for Corporate Governance.
PARCO has adopted the “Company with three Committees” system and has established a Nominating Committee, an Audit Committee and a Compensation Committee, all of which contain company Directors. The Committees are to supervise managerial activities within their respective areas of responsibility and to report accordingly to the Board of Directors. Also, to help invigorate their activities, we have installed a Committees Secretariat, which is independent of the management team and staffed by employees assigned solely to it.
The Nominating Committee is to determine the content of proposals to be submitted at the General Meeting of Shareholders regarding the appointment or dismissal of Directors. It also nominates candidates for Representative Executive Officer and Executive Officers to the Board of Directors; and can recommend their removal. The Committee is to be comprised of at least three Directors, a majority of whom must be External Directors.
The Audit Committee monitors the execution of duties by Directors and Executive Officers, and has determines the content of proposals on the election and dismissal or non-reappointment of the auditor, which are submitted at the General Meeting of Shareholders. The Committee is comprised of at least three Directors, all of whom, in principle, must be External Directors.
The Compensation Committee determines the compensation of individual Directors and Executive Officers. The Committee is to be comprised of at least three Directors, a majority of whom must be External Directors.
Executive Officers and the Management Committee
Executive Officers are to execute specific duties based on the fundamental policy determined by the Board of Directors. The Management Committee is to serve as a deliberative body to support concrete operational decision-making by the President and Representative Executive Officer.
External Accounting Auditor
In the interests of auditing effectiveness, the Audit Committee is to verify the reputation of the External Accounting Auditor, as well as their independence and specialized knowledge. The External Accounting Auditor is expected to maintain communications with the President and Representative Executive Officer and discuss the handling of matters such as improprieties and errors in collaboration with the Audit Committee.
Internal controls and risk management system
Our company will work to increase corporate value by establishing a system to assure the suitability of our company and group's operations regarding factors such as the efficiency and effectiveness of these operations, the credibility of our financial reports, the legal compliance of our business activities, and preservation of company assets.
Risk Management System
We are to work to provide a cross-organizational risk management system centered on our Risk Management Committee that, in addition to identifying and assessing the risks entailed by corporate activities, taking countermeasures against them and heightening our internal awareness of them, is capable of a swift response to risk-related occurrences through emergency action including taskforce deployment and information management.
We are to advance an internal awareness program through methods such as issuing a PARCO Employee Handbook to all Officers and employees, in addition to formulating Basic Principles of Compliance and a Code of Conduct, to which all employees are expected to adhere. Also, we have set up a group-wide internal reporting system utilizing a third-party contact to encourage the reporting of infractions or other improper activities and to facilitate corrective responses to same.
Internal auditing system
To reinforce the internal auditing capabilities of our group, we have established a Group Auditor Office which audits the legality, economic rationality, and risk exposure of the group as a whole, based on audit plans and under the direction of a Director assigned solely to this task. We also strive to improve audit efficiency through the timely exchange of auditing information with the Audit Committee and auditors at group subsidiaries.
Relations with shareholders and other stakeholders
Ensuring shareholder rights, equality, etc.
PARCO believes that in order to continually increase corporate value, it is imperative to protect the rights and interests of shareholders, including minority shareholders. Therefore we strive to protect those rights, to assure an environment in which shareholders can exercise their rights at the General Meeting of Shareholders, and to monitor any actions that harbor the risk of damaging shareholder rights, including related-party transactions and changes to capital policy.
Appropriate collaboration with stakeholders other than shareholders
In order to support efforts to build smooth relationships with stakeholders beyond our shareholders, we have created a Corporate Mission and a Code of Conduct and are taking measures to strengthen compliance management and promote diversity, including encouraging the active involvement of women within the organization.
CSR (corporate social responsibility) initiatives
We have established a CSR Committee to promote CSR activities within the PARCO Group and strengthen internal controls. The Committee will set PARCO Group policies for CSR activities, create action plans, support external publicity efforts, promote internal information sharing, and cooperate with external companies and organizations. Committee activities are to span the organization, with related efforts covering everything from discussion sessions with PARCO Group Presidents and Executive Officers, to group-wide collaboration drawing together the Diversity Committee, Risk Management Committee, group companies, and PARCO internal departments.
Promoting and ensuring diversity within the organization, including encouraging the active involvement of women
We have installed a Diversity Committee to promote diversity initiatives across the company. The Committee will carry out initiatives aimed at cultivating a corporate culture characterized by tolerance and openness to new ideas, in which people of diverse views, talents, capabilities, and cultures can work to their full potential. We regard ensuring the active involvement of women within the organization as an important issue and strive to assure full female representation in our selection of leaders and managerial candidates. The Committee will promote other cross-organization initiatives including discussion sessions with PARCO Group Presidents and Executive Officers, and collaboration among group companies and PARCO internal departments.
Internal reporting system
In order to strengthen our compliance management, we have installed an internal reporting system that provides mechanisms for handling reports of infractions and other behavior that runs counter to laws, regulations or the like. The system includes the utilization of a third-party liaison to receive such information and measures to ensure that it is properly handled. One feature is that persons providing information, or persons cooperating with a subsequent investigation, are not to be dismissed or suffer other negative consequences as a result.
Standards and Criteria for Determining the Independence of External Directors
PARCO has created its own standards for determining the independence of External Directors, based on the independence standards of the Tokyo Stock Exchange and the Japan Association of Corporate Directors, which is set forth in the Fundamental Policy on Corporate Governance.
Related Party Transactions
In order to ensure that transactions entered into with related parties are appropriate, PARCO conducts a survey of all officers of PARCO and its subsidiaries regarding whether they have engaged in related party transactions, and on the basis of this submits to the Board of Directors a report on transactions between PARCO and its officers and major shareholders. Any transaction between PARCO and a Director or Executive Officer that gives rise to a conflict of interest is subject to approval by the Board of Directors based on the relevant laws and PARCO’s regulations for Directors.
Evaluation of the Board of Directors
PARCO perform an assessment of the effectiveness of all Directors in the interests of improving the effectiveness of the Board of Directors. The evaluation process, evaluation focus, the findings and the resulting improvements are disclosed below.
The Committees Secretariat and Board Secretariat (Corporate Planning Office) conducted surveys and interviews with each individual Director concerning their assessment of the effectiveness of the Board of Directors.
（ii）Focus of evaluation
The evaluation covered the makeup of the Board of Directors, the quality of debate, agenda items, and management and support arrangements. Feedback on the current situation and progress on improvements from the previous year’s evaluations was compiled to inform how the Board of Directors could be made more effective in future.
（iii） Outcomes of the Evaluation and Resulting Areas for Improvement
1. Makeup of Board of Directors
While some positive feedback was received following a change in External Directors, some commented that there was insufficient information to enable External Directors to perform their duties, particular regarding the views held by those executing the work, and working conditions. In response to this, we will increase reporting by Executive Officers and provide more opportunities for communication between Directors and the respective Executive Officers. Increasing said opportunities for communication will also facilitate our succession plan.
2. Quality of Debate and Agenda Items
The improvements achieved in FY2016 regarding selection and expedient scheduling of agenda items in strategically important areas led to a positive evaluation of agenda item selection for an effective debate. However, processing agenda items and securing committee time to improve the quality of debate remain an issue, and some feedback indicated the need for clarification of topics for debate and a thorough response system. In response to this, we will further improve how explanations are provided in advance and ensure a system is in place to allow for accurate responses to questions.
Furthermore, feedback supported the need to continue debate on priority topics. This year, we will continue to set agenda items in advance for a strategic debate and ensure expedient scheduling.
3. Management and Support Arrangements
While some positive feedback was received concerning advanced provision of information, some respondents stated that we need to make more effective use of meeting time in order for there to be more substantive debate at actual meetings of the Board of Directors. We will therefore make reports delivered at Board of Directors sessions simpler and more efficient. The outcome of the assessment was shared with and debated substantively by the Board. We conduct an evaluation of the effectiveness of the Board of Directors on an annual basis, believing that by repeating the process of evaluation, analysis, debate, and improvement, the Board of Directors will change, leading to increased effectiveness.
Training Policy for Directors
All newly-appointed Executive Officers, including Internal Directors, are briefed on the roles, obligations and responsibilities of Directors and Executive Officers, the nature of their agreement with PARCO, and related regulations. Compliance training is offered after appointment. Upon joining the Board, External Directors are also given an overview of the company and briefed on its management philosophy, business situation, corporate governance matters and related regulations. Ongoing briefing on PARCO’s business operations, trends in the retail sector, and the business environment in which we are placed is also provided to these External Directors after appointment, along with opportunities to visit stores, in the interest of giving them a better understanding of our company.
Reason for appointment as a Director and main activities of Directors
PARCO ensures that more than half of its Directors are External Directors. By serving on the Board of Directors and Executive Committees, these External Directors work to improve the effectiveness of internal controls by overseeing the execution of duties by Executive Officers and the like.
Reason for appointment
After serving for many years in the Store Management Operation Divisions, Mr. Makiyama was appointed President and Representative Executive Officer in May 2011. Through his years of service, he has amassed a wealth of experience that broadly covers PARCO’s business operations. As a PARCO Director, he has been actively contributing to discussion and deliberation at Board meetings since May 2008 and he was appointed to supervise operations and provide management oversight based on his experience and track record to date.
After serving for many years in the Store Management and Corporate Operations Divisions, Mr. Hirano was appointed President and Representative Executive Officer in March 2008, and has served as a Senior Executive Officer since May 2011. Through his years of service, he has amassed a wealth of experience that broadly covers PARCO’s business operations. As a PARCO Director, he has been actively contributing to discussion and deliberation at Board meetings since May 2008 and he was appointed to supervise operations and provide management oversight based on his experience and track record to date.
Reason for appointment
Main activities (FY 2016)
Serving as the Representative Director and Senior Managing Executive Officer of J. Front Retailing, Mr. Kobayashi possesses a strong track record and a wealth of experience and insight regarding both management and the retail industry. He was appointed as a Director in order to utilize his business management experience to provide valuable advice that will enable PARCO Executive Officers to execute their duties in an effective and appropriate manner.
Attended 13 of the 14 Board meetings held this fiscal year and provided his specialist perspective when needed, especially regarding management and retail.
Serving as the Director and Managing Executive Officer of J. Front Retailing, Mr. Fujino possesses a strong track record and a wealth of experience and insight regarding both management and the retail industry. He was appointed as a Director in order to utilize his business management experience to provide valuable advice that will enable PARCO Executive Officers to execute their duties in an effective and appropriate manner.
Attended all 14 Board meetings held this fiscal year and provided his specialist perspective when needed, especially regarding management and retail.
Each of the External Directors was designated as an independent officer because he is in a position to oversee the management of the business and possesses an adequate degree of independence.
Reason for appointment as an independent officer
Main activities (FY 2016)
Mr. Takahashi is a certified public accountant (formerly a Senior Partner at Ernst and Young ShinNihon LLC), and a Representative Director of Pronet Inc. PARCO appointed Mr. Takahashi as an External Director on the expectation that he can perform the function of business oversight and checking on the basis of the specialized knowledge, experience, and judgement regarding finance and accounting he has gained over the course of his career.
Attended 13 of 14 Board meetings and all 14 Audit Committee meetings held this fiscal year and provided his specialist perspective as a certified public accountant when needed.
Mr. Ito is a professor at Hitotsubashi University’s Graduate School of International Corporate Strategy. PARCO appointed Mr. Ito as an External Director on the expectation that he can perform the function of business oversight and checking on the basis of the knowledge, experience and judgement he has gained over the course of his extensive career, and his experience working both within Japan and overseas.
Attended all 14 Board meetings and all 14 Audit Committee meetings held this fiscal year and provided advice when needed based on the knowledge, experience, and insight garnered from his experiences during a stellar career both in Japan and abroad.
Ms. Nakamura is Representative Director and CEO of Poppins Holdings and Poppins Corporation, and is a member of the Nikkei’s Management Advisory Board. PARCO appointed Ms. Nakamura as an External Director on the expectation that she can perform the function of business oversight and checking on the basis of her knowledge of management, and the experience and judgement from a global perspective gained over the course of her career.
Attended 11 of the 14 Board meetings and all 14 Audit Committee meetings held this fiscal year and Provided her perspective as a vastly experienced business manager when needed.
Mr. Seki was involved in the management of Itochu Corporation for many years. PARCO appointed Mr. Seki as an External Director on the expectation that he can perform the function of business oversight and checking on the basis of the knowledge, experience, and global perspective he has gained over the course of his career.
Attended all 14 Board meetings and all 14 Audit Committee meetings held this fiscal year after his inauguration and adviced baced on his perspective as a vastly experienced business manager when needed, and global knowledge and experience.
Approach to Officer compensation
Under our Nominating Committee managerial structure, a Compensation Committee is to set standards for compensation and determine the compensation of individual Directors and Executive Officers in a fair and impartial manner based on assessment of roles, responsibilities and work results.
Standards for Determining Director and Executive Officer Compensation
Director annual salary will take the form of a fixed compensation and, depending on role, comprise a basic annual salary, a Committee chairman annual salary and/or a Committee member annual salary.
Executive Officer annual salary will take the form of fixed compensation and, depending on role/position, comprised of a basic annual salary, performance pay (based on company performance and personal performance) and, depending on role, remuneration for the purpose of acquiring company stock.
The ratio of Executive Officer basic annual salary, performance pay (standard), and remuneration for the purpose of acquiring company stock is to be 50% : 45% (equivalent value) : 5% (equivalent value).
Executive Officer basic annual salary is to be based on that person's role/position for the current term.
Executive Officer performance reward is to be determined by distributing a payment pool, linked to company earnings for the previous term, among Directors based on personal performance (0-200% allocation ratio).
Executive Officer remuneration for the purpose of acquiring company stock is to be based on that person's role/position for the current term.
As for Executive Officers who also serve as Directors, payment is calculated by adding Executive Officer annual compensation to Director annual compensation.
Officer compensation in FY 2016
Amount paid (Millions of yen)
Directors（excluding External Directors）
The above total for External Directors includes payment of compensation to one individual whose term as External Director officially concluded following the 77th Ordinary General Meeting of Shareholders on May 28, 2016.
The above total for External Directors includes, in addition to the payment of compensation indicated in Note 1 above, payment of compensation to two Directors in accordance with their tenure as External Directors.
In addition to the above, two External Directors were provided with compensation totaling 30 million yen from PARCO’s parent company in FY 2016.
While PARCO officially abolished its retirement bonus system at the end of FY 2004, the payment of retirement bonuses was recorded for Directors and Executive Officers serving prior to this period, and was scheduled to be provided at the time of their retirement. As of the end of FY 2016, unpaid retirement bonuses totaled 5 million yen for Directors and 2 million yen for Executive Officers.
The number of Officers as of the end of the current fiscal year are as follows: 2 Directors (excluding External Directors), 6 External Directors, and 15 Executive Officers, with 2 of the aforementioned serving concurrent roles as both Directors and Executive Officers.
Position on shareholdings
PARCO does not generally maintain policy shareholdings, except in cases where it has judged that doing so will help to enhance the value of the company in the mid-to long-term as a result of the maintenance and strengthening of trading relationships and the maintenance and development of business alliances.
Criteria for exercise of voting rights
Voting rights are exercised appropriately, and on the basis of an overall assessment of whether or not the vote in question will contribute to the value of PARCO or the companies in which it invests.
Status of shareholdings
Investment equities held for purposes other than portfolio investment
Number of companies: 9
Total value recorded on balance sheet: 583 million yen
Company name, number of shares held, total recorded on balance sheet, and holding objective for specified investment equities * in FY2016 are listed below**.
Number of shares held
Total recorded on balance sheet (Millions of yen)
TOKYO THEATRES COMPANY Inc.
Strengthen transactional relations to facilitate business activities
SLD Entertainment, Inc.
Strengthen transactional relations to facilitate business activities
Note: While the total for all shareholdings is included in the total value recorded on balance sheet above, it accounts for less than 1% of total capital.
*Specified investment equities refer to equity holdings other than deemed shareholdings, not in non-listed companies, and not held solely for the purpose of investment.
**PARCO does not have any holdings in investment equities solely for the purpose of portfolio investment